Ultra-precise quantal timing: Evidence from simultaneity thresholds in long-range apparent movement
Journal/Book: Percept Psychophys. 1999; 61: 1710 Fortview Rd, Austin, TX 78704, USA. Psychonomic Soc Inc. 707-726.
Abstract: Conditions for the disappearance of long-range apparent movement were investigated. In an experiment on beta motion, critical interstimulus intervals (ISIs) of downward simultaneity thresholds for stimuli presented in continuous alternation were determined for exposure durations (EDs) varying from 3 to 160 msec. Each subject performed each test twice. Data were collected in three sessions, each for one of three angular separations (3 degrees, 6 degrees, and 12 degrees) and the full set of EDs. The distribution of critical ISIs collapsed across subjects, EDs, and angular separations shows sharp maxima at regular distances within a range of 0-110 msec ISI. Significant or near-significant peaks were found at ISIs of 5, 9, 22, 27, 43, 55, and 107 msec. Although mean critical ISIs shifted with spatial separation, no essential shift of the main maxima occurred. Evidence of a periodic modulation with a period duration of 4.5 msec was obtained from the distributions of differences between critical ISIs of the first tests and their replications, which exhibit extremely low standard deviations (<10 msec). These results agree well with previous analyses (Geissler, 1987, 1992) that led to a taxonomic model of quantal timing, briefly summarized in this paper. Further consequences are discussed and related to earlier developments (Geissler, 1991, 1992, 1997).
Note: Article Geissler HG, Univ Leipzig, Inst Allgemeine Psychol, Seeburg 14-20, D-04103 Leipzig, GERMANY
Keyword(s): ALPHA-ACTIVITY; MOTION; TIME; PERCEPTION; MEMORY; OSCILLATIONS; HYPOTHESIS; RHYTHM; BRAIN; MODEL