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December 2021

Social reaction styles, interpersonal behaviours and person perception: A multi-informant approach

Author(s): Nurmi, J. E.

Journal/Book: J Soc Person Relat. 1999; 16: 6 Bonhill Street, London, England EC2a 4Pu. Sage Publications Ltd. 315-333.

Abstract: Social strategies and reaction styles have been suggested to play an important role in initiating social relationships and in satisfaction with them. In order to investigate whether they are directly associated with popularity, unpopularity, loneliness and evaluations about the social climate, or whether their impact is mediated by interpersonal behaviours and person perception, 92 students were asked to complete questionnaires measuring their social reaction styles, their loneliness, the social climate in the class and their sociometric status. They also rated the behaviour of seven of their classmates, and these ratings were used as indices of social behaviour and person perception. The results showed that the impact of social reaction styles on popularity and unpopularity among classmates was mediated through social behaviour in particular, but also through person perception. However, social reaction styles were directly associated with feelings of loneliness and evaluation of the social climate. The results emphasize the importance of investigating social strategies and reaction styles as complex factors that include cognitive, behavioural and perceptual processes.

Note: Article Eronen S, Univ Helsinki, Dept Psychol, POB 13, FIN-00014 Helsinki, FINLAND

Keyword(s): loneliness; person perception; popularity; social behaviour; social reaction styles; social strategies; unpopularity; LONELINESS; SELF; DEPRESSION; STRATEGIES; SHYNESS; ANXIETY; SKILLS; MODEL

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