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December 2021

Incidence of suicidal ideation and behavior in the United States, 1994

Author(s): Cheltenham, M. P., Sacks, J. J.

Journal/Book: Suicide Life Threaten Behav. 1999; 29: 72 Spring Street, New York, NY 10012, USA. Guilford Publications Inc. 131-140.

Abstract: Completed suicides reflect only a portion of the impact of suicidal behavior; sublethal behaviors cause morbidity and can signal treatable problems such as depression. There is no national quantification of nonlethal suicidal behaviors. The present study used a random-digit-dialed telephone survey to estimate the 12-month incidence of suicidal ideation, planning, and attempts among U.S. Adults. Of 5,238 respondents, 5.6% (representing about 10.5 million persons) reported suicidal ideation, 2.7% (about 2.7 million) made a specific suicide plan, and 0.7% (about 700,000) made a suicide attempt (estimate = 1.1 million attempts). Hence, suicidal behaviors are not uncommon and occur along a continuum ranging from ideation to completed suicides. Preventing nonlethal precursor behaviors may prevent deaths.

Note: Article Crosby AE, Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Mailstop K-60, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Atlanta,GA 30341 USA


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