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October 2021

Exploring the relationships among spiritual well-being, quality of life, and psychological adjustment in women with breast cancer

Author(s): Levine, E. G., Fitzpatrick, C. M., Dold, K. H., Targ, E.

Journal/Book: Psycho Oncol. 1999; 8: Baffins Lane Chichester, W Sussex PO19 1UD, England. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 429-438.

Abstract: This study examined the relationships among spiritual well-being, quality of life, and psychological adjustment in 142 women diagnosed with breast cancer who were participating in a larger study designed to compare the efficacy of two psychosocial support programs. Participants were given a set of questionnaires that measured spiritual well-being, quality of life, and adjustment to cancer. Results revealed a positive correlation between spiritual well-being and quality of life, as well as significant correlations between spiritual well-being and specific adjustment styles (e.g. Fighting spirit). There was also a negative correlation between quality of life and use of a helpless/hopeless adjustment style, and a positive correlation between quality of life and fatalism. In regression analyses, after controlling for demographic variables and adjustment styles, spiritual well-being contributed very little additional variance in quality of life. These findings suggest that while spiritual well-being is correlated with both quality of life and psychological adjustment, the relationships among these variables are more complex and perhaps indirect than previously considered.

Note: Article Levine EG, 1701 Divisadero St, Suite 150, San Francisco,CA 94115 USA

Keyword(s): OF-LIFE; MENTAL ADJUSTMENT; DEPRESSION; SCALE


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