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October 2021

Hemispheric asymmetries in vigilance and cerebral arousal mechanisms in younger and older adults

Author(s): Hellige, J. B.

Journal/Book: Neuropsychology. 1999; 13: 750 First St NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242, USA. Amer Psychological Assoc. 111-120.

Abstract: Younger and older adults responded to an asterisk presented to either the left or right visual field, with delay interval between onset of a fixation cross and onset of the asterisk varied. At delay intervals longer than 3 s, reaction time was faster when the same visual field was stimulated on 2 successive trials than when different visual fields were stimulated. This prefield effect was larger in the left visual field (right hemisphere), consistent with hypotheses of hemispheric asymmetry for arousal and vigilance. For older adults, these results were obtained only when participants responded with the left hand, suggesting that some aspects of hemispheric asymmetry for attention-related processing or the efficiency of interhemispheric transfer may change in an age-related fashion.

Note: Article Cherry BJ, Univ So Calif, Dept Occupat Therapy, 1540 Alcazar St, CHP133, Los Angeles,CA 90033 USA

Keyword(s): LOCUS-COERULEUS NEURONS; HUMAN BRAIN; VISUOSPATIAL ATTENTION; VISUAL-ATTENTION; AGE-DIFFERENCES; LATERALIZATION; PERCEPTION; DOMINANCE; COLOR; TASK


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