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November 2021

Playfulness: its relationship with instrumental and expressive traits

Author(s): Bozionelos, G.

Journal/Book: Pers Indiv Differ. 1999; 26: the Boulevard Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford Ox5 1GB, England. Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd. 749-760.

Abstract: The relationship of instrumental and expressive traits with playfulness among adults was investigated. Questionnaire data from 182 women and 166 men who were university students were analysed. The results provided support for the additive model rather than for the balance or the emergent models. In general, scores on instrumentality and expressiveness made significant additive contributions to scares on playfulness, or to scores on the playfulness factors, above any contributions that were made by sex. The contributions to scores on playfulness that were made by scores on instrumentality were greater than the contributions that were made by scores on expressiveness. The Instrumentality x Expressiveness interaction made a significant contribution only in one model. The findings provide support for the validity of the Adult Playfulness Scale.

Note: Article Bozionelos N, Univ Strathclyde, Dept Human Resource Management, 50 Richmond St, Glasgow G1 1XT, Lanark, SCOTLAND

Keyword(s): playfulness; instrumentality; expressiveness; adults; sex; Adult Playfulness Scale; SEX-ROLE ORIENTATION; PSYCHOLOGICAL ANDROGYNY; SOCIAL DESIRABILITY; SELF-ESTEEM; GENDER; PERSONALITY; MASCULINITY; FEMININITY; CREATIVITY; SCALE


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