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October 2021

The influence of test defensivity on psychotherapy outcome: Personality inventories

Author(s): Teusch, L.

Journal/Book: Psychotherapeut. 1999; 44: 175 Fifth Ave, New York, NY 10010, USA. Springer Verlag. 36-43.

Abstract: The influence of defensivity, measured by validity scales of personality inventories (MMPI-K, FPI-R, GIESSEN-Test) on test results and psychotherapy outcome was studied in 309 patients treated with inpatient client-centered therapy. In general, psychotherapy patients exhibited low defensivity. 25% of patients, who denied psychopathology at admission, did so at discharge and to some extent at follow-up, demonstrating an ''especially good outcome'' (means). Relative improvement (effect sizes), however, was significantly diminished in psychopathology scales and significantly enlarged in Validity scales. - Results are discussed with regard to prior hypotheses about the influence of defensivity.

Note: Article Bohme H, Rhein Landes & Hochschulklin Psychiat, Klin Allgemeine Psychiat, Bereich Psychotherapie, Barkhovenallee 171, D-45239 Essen, GERMANY

Keyword(s): defence tendencies; validity scales; evaluation of psychotherapy outcome; inpatient client-centered psychotherapy

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