Timing the selection of information during rhythmic catching
Journal/Book: J Motor Behav. 1999; 31: 1319 Eighteenth St NW, Washington, DC 20036-1802, USA. Heldref Publications. 279-289.
Abstract: Catching a ball requires that information be available close to the catch but early enough for prospective or corrective control. In the present experiment, 6 participants were asked to throw and catch it ball continuously for 1 min while wearing liquid-crystal goggles that restricted viewing to specific amounts of time at specific intervals. Participants were free to select the information by varying che frequency and phasing of throwing relative to the goggles. Video analysis revealed that they elected a frequency of throwing: that matched the goggle frequency and chose to view the ball at or around its zenith. Earlier portions of the ball's trajectory were viewed as the goggle frequency increased. Despite variations in the viewing location, participants elected to view the ball on average 365 ms before the catch. Analysis of the hand's trajectory further revealed that the time interval (M = 82 ms) between the ball's zenith and the initiation of the final motion of the hand toward the catch did not vary as a function of the frequency of throwing. The authors conclude that the timing constraints imposed by the hand's movement are the basis for the selection of information for catching.
Note: Article Amazeen EL, Arizona State Univ, POB 871104, Tempe,AZ 85287 USA
Keyword(s): attention; catching; information; TIME-TO-COLLISION; VISUAL INFORMATION; ENVIRONMENTAL-CHANGES; SKILL LEVEL; BALL; TAU; PROPRIOCEPTION; MOVEMENT; OBJECTS; VISION