Sheng Li Xue Bao. 1997 Apr; 49(2): 121-7.
[2 Hz and 100 Hz electroacupuncture accelerate the expression of genes encoding three opioid peptides in the rat brain]
Neuroscience Research Center, Beijing Medical University.
Previous findings from this laboratory have shown that low (2 Hz) and high (100 Hz)-frequency electroacupuncture (EA) accelerated the release of different kinds of opioid peptides in the CNS. In the present study, we tried to elucidate whether EA of different frequencies would affect the transcription of genes encoding different opioid peptides. Digoxin-labeled antisense cRNA probes were used for in situ hybridization to detect the mRNA encoding preproenkephalin (PPE), preprodynorphin (PPD) and proopiomelanocortin (POMC) in the rat brain. The results showed that: (1) Neither 2 Hz nor 100 Hz EA altered the POMC mRNA level in the rat brain. (2) EA of the two frequencies induced a similar degree of increase of PPE mRNA in rostromedial reticular formation (gigantocellular, paragigantocellular and lateral reticular nucleus); whereas in supraoptic nucleus, suprachiasmatic nucleus, arcuate nucleus, paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus, ventromedial nucleus and the nucleus of lateral lemniscus, 2 Hz EA induced a higher PPE mRNA expression than 100 Hz EA. (3) 100 Hz EA markedly increased the PPD mRNA levels in supraoptic nucleus, paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus, ventromedial nucleus and parabrachial nucleus, while 2 Hz was without effect. Since de novo peptide synthesis is regarded as a natural outcome following accelerated peptide release, the present results substantiate our previous observation that EA of different frequencies exert different acceleratory effects on the release and synthesis of different opioid peptides in the central nervous system.