Jpn J Vet Res. 1997 Nov; 45(3): 137-45.
Somatic regulation of autonomic functions in anesthetized animals--neural mechanisms of physical therapy including acupuncture.
Department of the Autonomic Nervous System, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Japan. [email protected]
This paper concerns somato-autonomic reflex responses in various visceral organs following somatic sensory stimulation in animals anesthetized to eliminate emotional factors. Various forms of somatic sensory stimulation can produce different autonomic reflex responses, depending on the visceral organs and which somatic afferents are stimulated. Some responses have a dominant sympathetic efferent involvement, whereas others have predominantly parasympathetic efferent involvement. Some responses have propriospinal and segmental characteristics, while others have supraspinal and systemic characteristics in their reflex nature. These somato-autonomic reflex responses may be functioning during physical therapy including acupuncture.