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Drug treatment for women: traditional models and new directions.
School of Nursing, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA 02167-3812, USA.
Drug treatment is a diverse field in which a variety of treatment frameworks and formats exist, few of which have been tailored to women's circumstances and needs. Most drug treatment is based on insight-oriented and behavioral approaches, often accompanied by pharmacologic treatments. Complementary approaches such as acupuncture and biofeedback also are available. Feminist criticisms of traditional therapy have prompted development of woman-centered treatment, which provides a safe environment for empowerment and building relationship skills. Nurses can provide supportive interventions using mutuality and avoiding confrontation, and can advocate for access to woman-centered drug treatment and harm reduction measures to minimize the damage caused by alcohol and drugs.