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Nippon Rinsho. 1997 Jul; 55(7): 1688-93.

[Functional brain mapping in motor task and somatosensory stimulation using echo planar MRI]

Higuchi T, Fukunaga M, Umeda M, Ebisu T, Tanaka C, Naruse S, Ueda S.

Department of Neurosurgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine.

Functional brain mapping was performed with a 1.5T clinical MRI apparatus. Single shot gradient echo echo-planar imaging (EPI) sequence was employed. Normal volunteers were studied with the task of grasping hand or opposition of fingers at the frequency of 3 Hz, median nerve electro-stimulation, pure somatosensory stimulation by roller for acupuncture. Apparent signal increase was observed at contralateral sensorimotor cortex with motor task. Signal changes delayed about 5 seconds compared with the start and the cessation of the task, which may suggest that regional changes of CBF and blood oxygen level in capillary and/or in venule lag behind electrical excitation. It was hard to detect the activated area with median nerve electro-stimulation. On the other hand, roller stimulation provoked distinct activated areas at contralateral sensorimotor cortex. The activated areas caused by the roller stimulation and the motor task coincided entirely, which suggests the possibility of the intermixed localization of primary areas of motor and somatosensory. It was also clearly demonstrated that the activated area was broader with quick (3 Hz) and complicated motor task (finger opposition) than with slow (1Hz) and simple motor task (hand grasping).

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