J Pharm Pharmacol. 1997 Jan; 49(1): 85-8.
Portal hypotensive effects of tetrandrine and verapamil in portal hypertensive rats.
Institute of Traditional Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.
The portal hypotensive effects of tetrandrine and verapamil (both calcium-channel blockers) were assessed in portal hypertensive rats. Portal hypertension was induced by partial portal vein ligation in Sprague-Dawley rats. Both tetrandrine (4, 8, 16 and 24 mg kg-1) and verapamil (0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mg kg-1) induced dose-dependent decreases of portal venous pressure and mean arterial pressure after intravenous infusion. for example, infusion of tetrandrine (16 mg kg-1) induced a maximum reduction of portal venous pressure and mean arterial pressure approximately 1 min after the start of infusion. Portal venous pressure decreased from baseline (12.5 mmHg) to 10.0 mmHg, and mean arterial pressure from baseline (90 mmHg) to 80 mmHg. Heart rate decreased from 250 to 240 beats min-1. At 24 mg kg-1, tetrandrine reduced portal venous pressure and mean arterial pressure to 20.3 +/- 2.4% and 28.4 +/- 1.4% of baseline, respectively. Our results show that both tetrandrine and verapamil induce portal pressure reduction in portal hypertensive animals.