Neonatal, auditory brainstem responses recorded from four electrode montages
Journal/Book: J Commun Disord. 1996; 29: 655 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10010. Elsevier Science Publ Co Inc. 125-139.
Abstract: Simultaneous auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) to click stimuli at 30 and 60 dB nHL were recorded from 16 full term neonates with four electrode arrays: vertical (Cz-Nape of neck), ipsilateral (Cz-Mi), contralateral (Cz-Me), and horizontal (Mc-Mi). Results indicated that ABR waveforms were morphologically similar to those recorded in adults: Waves I, III, and V were clearly identifiable and of the same polarity in 15 of 16 subjects 60 dB nHL and Wave V was clearly identifiable in 14 of 16 subjects at 30 dB nHL. Although ABR waves were identified in most cases, waveforms expression was variable with different electrode recording montages. It is suggested that if a clinician must choose one montage array for recording neonatal ABRs at high intensity levels for neurodiagnostic evaluations, the ipsilateral recording array is indicated since it displays the highest expression of wave components. For screening applications or threshold searching at lower stimulus levels, however, either the ipsilateral or vertical montage would be justified. Further, caution should be employed when interpreting ABR results in neonates recorded with unconventional montages due to the variable expression of wave components.
Note: Article A Stuart, Dalhousie Univ, Dept Psychol, Halifax, Ns B3H 4J1, Canada
Keyword(s): STEM EVOKED-RESPONSE; BONE-CONDUCTED CLICKS; INTENSIVE-CARE UNIT; FULL-TERM NEWBORN; INFANTS; POTENTIALS; ADULTS; THRESHOLDS; AUDIOMETRY; MATURATION