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May 2022

Play, language, and maternal responsiveness: A longitudinal study of deaf and hearing infants

Author(s): MeadowOrlans, K. P.

Journal/Book: Child Develop. 1996; 67: 5720 S Woodlawn Ave, Chicago, IL 60637. Univ Chicago Press. 3176-3191.

Abstract: Language, maternal responsiveness, and developmental play levels were investigated in 43 middle-class dyads at 9, 12, and 18 months: hearing child/hearing mother (hH), deaf child/deaf mother (dD), deaf child/hearing mother (dH). Group dH provides information about play when language is delayed and maternal responsiveness decreased. Group dD provides information on developmental effects of diminished audition. There were no 9-month group play differences. At 12 months, hH infants displayed more representational play than infants in either deaf group (p < .001). At 18 months, hH and dD children displayed more preplanned play than dH children (p = .01). At 12 and 18 months, language was associated only marginally with play levels. Maternal responsiveness was significantly associated with 18-month-olds' preplanned play (p = .01).

Note: Article Spencer PE, Gallaudet Univ, Dept Social Work, 800 Florida Ave NE, Washington,DC 20002 USA

Keyword(s): MOTHER-TODDLER INTERACTION; SYMBOLIC PLAY; REPRESENTATIONAL PLAY; IMPAIRED CHILDREN; 2ND YEAR; ATTACHMENT; QUALITY


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