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June 2022

The locus of origin of augmenting and reducing of visual evoked potentials in rat brain

Author(s): Gayle, D., Sharma, A., Driscoll, P.

Journal/Book: Physiol Behav. 1996; 60: The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford, England OX5 1GB. Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd. 287-291.

Abstract: Humans who are high sensation seekers and cats who demonstrate comparable behavioral traits show increasing amplitudes of the early components of the cortical visual evoked potential (VEP) to increasing intensities of light flash; low sensation seekers show VEP reducing. Roman high-avoidance (RHA) and Roman low-avoidance (RLA) rats have behavioral traits comparable to human and cat high and low sensation seekers, respectively. Previously, we showed that RHA and RLA rats are cortical VEP augmenters and reducers, respectively. The goal of this study was to determine if augmenting-reducing is in fact a property of the visual cortex or if it originates at the lateral geniculate nucleus and is merely reflected in recordings from the cortex. VEPs to five flash intensities were recorded from the visual cortex and dorsal lateral geniculate of RHA and RLA rats. As in the previous study, the slope of the first cortical component as a function of flash intensity was greater in the RHA than in the RLA rats. The amplitude of the geniculate component that has a latency shorter than the first cortical component was no different in the two lines of rats. The finding from the cortex confirms the earlier finding of augmenting and reducing in RHA and RLA rats, respectively. The major new finding is that the augmenting-reducing difference recorded at the cortex does not occur at the thalamus, indicating that it is truly a cortical phenomenon.

Note: Article J Siegel, Univ Delaware, Dept Sci Biol, Newark, DE 19716 USA

Keyword(s): augmenting and reducing; visual evoked potentials; lateral geniculate nucleus; visual cortex; roman high- and low-avoidance rats; sensation seeking; SENSATION SEEKING; CHLORAL HYDRATE; HOODED RATS; CATS; FLASH; BEHAVIOR; PERSONALITY; AVOIDANCE; SLOPES

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