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October 2022

The social awareness inventory: Development and applications

Journal/Book: Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 1996; 22: 2455 Teller Rd, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Sage Publ Inc. 620-634.

Abstract: The Social Awareness Inventory (SAI), which assesses individual differences in eight social-perceptual styles, is introduced and applied in three studies. The model is derived by crossing the three binary dimensions of target (self or other), perspective (own or other's), and content (overt appearance or covert experience). Studies 1 and 2 describe the development of the SAI and show that its subscales are meaningfully associated with related constructs such as public and private self-consciousness empathy, social anxiety, and narcissism. Studies 2 and 3 explore the factor structure of the SAI, showing that people high on a self-divided factor regulate themselves according to environmental controls, list more self-presentational strivings, and are higher on neuroticism and depression. In contrast, people high on a self-grounded factor tend to be autonomy oriented. The SAI appears to provide an integrative conceptual and empirical framework for considering many personality and motivational constructs.

Note: Article KM Sheldon, Univ Rochester, Dept Psychol, Meliora Hall, Rochester, NY 14627 USA

Keyword(s): MULTIFACETED PERSONALITY CONSTRUCTS; PRIVATE SELF-CONSCIOUSNESS; EMOTIONAL EMPATHY; FOCUSED ATTENTION; SECRET SELF; SCALE; VALIDITY; STYLE


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