Social physique anxiety, body esteem, and social anxiety in bodybuilders and self-reported anabolic steroid users
Author(s):, , , , ,
Journal/Book: Addict Behav. 1996; 21: The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford, England OX5 1GB. Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd. 1-8.
Abstract: Social physique anxiety, upper body esteem, social anxiety, and body dissatisfaction were examined among self-reported anabolic steroid (AS)-using bodybuilders, non-using bodybuilders, athletically active exercisers, and non-exercising individuals. Results indicate that: (a) the AS-using bodybuilder group had significantly lower levels of social physique anxiety than non-user groups, (b) AS-using bodybuilders have significantly higher upper body strength ratings than do non-users (non-using bodybuilders, athletically active exercisers, and non-exercisers), and (c) no differences among groups on a measure of social anxiety. Implications for further research and intervention are discussed in terms of the differences between anabolic steroids and other substances of abuse.
Note: Article MJ Schwerin, USN, Hlth Res Ctr, POB 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 USA
Keyword(s): ADOLESCENTS; SCALE; IMAGE; DISTORTION; STUDENTS