Coordination of biliary and upper gastrointestinal motility in the fasted conscious pig
Author(s):, , , , ,
Journal/Book: Neurogastroenterol Motil. 1996; 8: Osney Mead, Oxford, Oxon, England OX2 0EL. Blackwell Science Ltd. 51-62.
Abstract: A chronic pig model was developed which permits the simultaneous measurement of integrated biliary motility as resistance to flow (CBD inflow), gallbladder, duodenal and gastric motility in addition to collection of venous blood samples for gut hormones estimations. Animals displayed a duodenal interdigestive cycle of 55.4 +/- 3.4 min (mean +/- SEM, n = 6), consisting of phase I, II and III (21.2 +/- 2.1, 70.5 +/- 2.0, 8.7 +/- 0.5% of the cycle, respectively). A gastric interdigestive cycle of 60.2 +/- 6.5 min (n = 4) was similarly demonstrated consisting of three phases which corresponded to the three duodenal phases. The gastric phases I, II and III comprised 26.3 +/- 3.0, 71.2 +/- 2.7 and 2.5 +/- 0.8% of the cycle, respectively. The gastric phase III immediately preceded the onset of the duodenal phase III. The gallbladder likewise displayed an interdigestive cycle of 54.5 +/- 7.2 min (n = 6) consisting of a quiescent period (37.2 +/- 3.7% of the cycle) corresponding temporally to duodenal phase III and phase I. This quiescent phase was followed by a period of rhythmic contractions (64.5 +/- 4.1% of the cycle) which corresponded temporally to duodenal phase II. The onset of the gallbladder quiescent period coincided with the onset of duodenal phase III. The CBD inflow similarly demonstrated an interdigestive cycle of 53.4 +/- 9.6 min (n = 4) duration, consisting of three phases. The initial phase was evident as a period of rapid inflow, the onset of which coincided with the onset of duodenal phase III and the gallbladder quiescent period, and occupied 12.0 +/- 0.8% of the cycle. The second phase which occupied 18.0 +/- 7.4% of the cycle, was typified as a period of declining inflow which reached a relatively stable level at a time corresponding to the end of duodenal phase I. The third phase consisted of the maintenance of the inflow rate achieved at the end of the previous phase (60% of maximum inflow), corresponding in onset and duration with duodenal phase II and occupied 70.0 +/- 8.6% of the cycle. Plasma motilin levels fluctuated in relation to the duodenal interdigestive cycle, peaking during phase III relative to phase I (36.9 +/- 8.5 vs 25.4 +/- 7.7 pg mL(-1), respectively, n = 5, P < 0.05). Cholecystokinin levels did nor fluctuate, remaining low (2.3 +/- 2.1 pM cholecystokinin octapeptide equivalents, n = 5) throughout the duodenal interdigestive cycle, but increased about two fold after ingestion of solid food. Feeding disrupted the gastric, duodenal, gallbladder and CBD inflow cycles.
Note: Article GTP Saccone, Flinders Med Ctr, Dept Surg, Bedford Pk, SA 5042, Australia
Keyword(s): coordination; gastrointestinal and biliary motility; cholecystokinin; motilin; INTERDIGESTIVE MYOELECTRIC ACTIVITY; GALLBLADDER CONTRACTION; PANCREATIC-POLYPEPTIDE; PLASMA MOTILIN; OPOSSUM GALLBLADDER; MOTOR-ACTIVITY; CANINE; CHOLECYSTOKININ; SPHINCTER; ODDI