Tourette's syndrome and associated neuropsychiatric disturbances
Journal/Book: Z Klin Psychol-Forsch Praxis. 1996; 25: Rohnsweg 25, D-37085 Gottingen, Germany. Hogrefe-Verlag GmbH & Co. 259-279.
Abstract: Tourette's syndrome (TS), primarily characterized by motor and vocal tics is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder, which for years has been in the center of discussion concerning the relationship between biology and behavior. Often patients suffering from TS also show other behavioral problems which sometimes may become more important for treatment and coping than the motor/vocal tics themselves. An overview is presented about TS as well as about motor (e.g. Hyperkinetic Syndrome), emotional (e.g. obsessive-compulsive behavior), cognitive (e.g. learning problems) and social (e.g. social phobia) aspects of psychiatric disorders associated with TS. Their phenomenological differentiation, their interplay concerning TS and the neurobiological background are described as detailed as the pharmacological/psychological treatment and the coping with TS.
Note: Review A Rothenberger, Univ Gottingen, Klin & Poliklin Kinder & Jugendpsychiat, Siebold Str 5, D-37075 Gottingen, Germany
Keyword(s): Tourette's syndrome; comorbidity; neurobiology; neuropsychology; treatment; environmental influence; coping; OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER; TRICYCLIC ANTIDEPRESSANT TREATMENT; DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER; FRONTAL-LOBE SYNDROME; TIC DISORDERS; MOVEMENT-DISORDERS; BASAL GANGLIA; CHILDREN; ADOLESCENTS; PSYCHOPATHOLOGY