The horizon-ratio relation as information for relative size in pictures
Journal/Book: Percept Psychophys. 1996; 58: 1710 Fortview Rd, Austin, TX 78704. Psychonomic Soc Inc. 142-152.
Abstract: The horizon-ratio relation was found to be an effective source of information for relative size in pictures under some conditions: when the difference in image size of depicted ''same real size'' objects was not too great (Experiment 1), and when the horizon line was not too high or too low in the picture (Experiment 2). The latter finding seemed to be linked to the observers' identification of the horizontal line as the horizon (and not as the edge of a finite surface). In addition, individual patterns of response were remarkably systematic even in the absence of a horizon, or any other pictorial information, (Experiment 3). It is suggested that in this case observers imposed a horizon on the picture on which to base their relative size judgments, possibly based on the observer's own eye level or on the content of the picture. It is concluded that although the horizon-ratio relation provides the same kind of information as that available in the optic arrays from real scenes, pictorial information requires the satisfaction of additional constraints in order to be fully effective.
Note: Article S Rogers, Univ Wisconsin, Dept Psychol, 1202 W Johnson St, Madison, WI 53706 USA
Keyword(s): SCALED INFORMATION; VISUAL GUIDANCE; DEPTH; AFFORDANCES; SENSITIVITY; TREES; FORM