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January 2022

Ensenanzas en un gimnasio: An investigation of modeling and verbal rehearsal on the motor performance of Hispanic limited English proficient children

Author(s): Edwards, R.

Journal/Book: Res Quart Exercise Sport. 1996; 67: 1900 Association Drive, Reston, VA 22091. Amer Alliance Health Phys Educ Rec & Dance. 44-51.

Abstract: This study investigated the effects of modeling and verbal rehearsal on the motor performance of English-speaking and limited English proficient (LEP) children. Children (N=64) in 4th-grade classes were randomly assigned to conditions in a 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 (Gender x Primary Language x Model Type x Rehearsal) factorial design. Boys and girls whose primary language was English or Spanish were assigned to either a verbal model or no-model condition as well as to a verbal rehearsal or no-rehearsal condition of the motor skills required to be performed. Analysis of variance revealed a significant Model Type x Primary Language interaction as well as a significant Rehearsal x Primary Language interaction. Follow-up analyses revealed that English-speaking children provided with a verbal rehearsal strategy recalled significantly more skills than English-speaking children in the no-rehearsal condition; for LEP children, there were no differences due to rehearsal. Moreover, LEP children presented with a verbal model recalled significantly more skills than LEP children in the no-model condition; for English-speaking children, there were no differences attributed to model type. These results indicate that effective modeling conditions that are provided with verbal cues in English are related to children's primary language.

Note: Article KS Meaney, Texas Tech Univ, Dept Hlth Phys Educ & Recreat, POB 43011, Lubbock, TX 79409 USA

Keyword(s): modeling; verbal rehearsal; verbal model; limited English proficient; DEVELOPMENTAL DIFFERENCES; COMPREHENSION; GYMNASIUM; RECALL; SKILLS; SHOW; TELL

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