Pattern of efficacy of a musical mnemonic on recall of familiar words over several presentations
Journal/Book: Percept Mot Skills. 1996; 82: PO Box 9229, Missoula, MT 59807. Perceptual Motor Skills. 395-400.
Abstract: It has been demonstrated that musical accompaniment may aid recall of words. This study examined the mnemonic effect of music on recall of verbal material which contained no unfamiliar words over three presentations. 20 participants (average age 21.9 yr.) were randomly allocated to one of two experimental conditions and heard the to-be-remembered lyrics either being sung or read aloud without musical accompaniment. Analysis of both total number of words correctly recalled and the extent of chunking of recalled material showed better over-all recall in the song condition with evidence of greater chunking of material.
Note: Article JM Annett, Univ Ulster, Sch Behav Sci, Newtownabbey BT37 0QB, Antrim, North Ireland
Keyword(s): MEMORY; INTEGRATION; SONGS; MELODY; METER; TEXT; AID