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January 2022

Panic attack symptomatology and anxiety sensitivity in adolescents

Author(s): Calamari, J. E., Waraczynski, M.

Journal/Book: J Anxiety Disord. 1996; 10: The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford, England OX5 1GB. Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd. 355-364.

Abstract: The relationship between panic attack symptoms, anxiety sensitivity, and academic performance was evaluated in a sample of 77 high school students. Although it has been suggested that children and adolescents are unlikely to experience panic attacks and panic disorder, the results of recent studies suggest that symptoms frequently occur in this age group. Evaluation of symptoms reported on the Panic Attack Questionnaire revealed that 39% of our sample experienced panic attacks, and that five subjects (6.5%) met diagnostic criteria for panic disorder at some time during their life. Furthermore, a significant correlation between scoring on the PAQ and scores on the Childhood Anxiety Sensitivity Index, a fear of anxiety measure, was found. Results suggest that there is a relationship between anxiety sensitivity and panic symptomatology in adolescents, a finding comparable with the adult literature. The observed relationship between anxiety sensitivity and panic symptomatology in adolescents is congruent with theorizing that anxiety sensitivity is a cognitive risk factor for the development of panic disorder.

Note: Article JE Calamari, Finch Univ Hlth Sci Chicago Med Sch, Dept Psychol, 3333 Green Bay Rd, N Chicago, IL 60064 USA


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