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May 2022

Self-knowledge of an amnesic patient: Toward a neuropsychology of personality and social psychology

Author(s): Loftus, J., Kihlstrom, J. F.

Journal/Book: J Exp Psychol-Gen. 1996; 125: 750 First St NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Amer Psychological Assoc. 250-260.

Abstract: The authors present the case of W.J., who, as a result of a head injury, temporarily lost access to her episodic memory. W.J. was asked both during her amnesia and following its resolution to make trait judgments about herself. Because her responses when she could access episodic memories were consistent with her responses when she could not, the authors conclude that the loss of episodic memory did not greatly affect the availability of her trait self-knowledge. The authors discuss how neuropsychological evidence can contribute to theorizing about personality and social processes.

Note: Review SB Klein, Univ Calif Santa Barbara, Dept Psychol, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 USA

Keyword(s): CLOSED HEAD-INJURY; TRANSIENT GLOBAL AMNESIA; REMOTE EPISODIC MEMORY; AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL MEMORY; TRAIT JUDGMENTS; RETROGRADE-AMNESIA; VISUAL-IMAGERY; RETRIEVAL; MECHANISMS; IMPAIRMENT


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