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A comparative study on the effect of pure-tone exposure of the guinea pig cochlea

Author(s): Sugisawa, T., Itoh, T., Hasebe, M., Yamamura, K.

Journal/Book: Eur Arch Oto-Rhino-Laryngol. 1996; 253: 175 Fifth Ave, New York, NY 10010. Springer Verlag. 45-51.

Abstract: Electrophysiological methods were applied to 160 healthy adult male guinea pigs in order to investigate the effects of pure-tone exposure for 24 h on the inner ear. A reduction in cochlear microphonics (CM), action potential (AP) and endocochlear potential was observed following exposure to 110 dB at 100 Hz, 100 dB at 200 and 600 Hz and 95 dB at 2 kHz. The observed K+ endolymphatic concentration during 40 min anoxia remained unchanged. In contrast K+ decreased in control animals and following exposure to pure tones varying from 110 dB at 60 Hz to 85 dB at 2 kHz. These findings indicate that high frequency tones have a greater effect on inner ear functions than those of lower frequency, decreasing the maximum output voltage of CM and AP but not changing K+ endolymphatic concentration.

Note: Article K Yamamura, Asahikawa Med Coll, Dept Hyg, 4-5-3-11 Nishikagura, Asahikawa, Hokkaido 078, Japan

Keyword(s): noise exposure; pure-tone hearing losses; guinea pig cochlea; cochlear microphonics; endolymph potassium; INNER-EAR; STEREOCILIA; IONS; PERMEABILITY; POTASSIUM

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