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August 2022

Topographically distinct cortical activation in episodic long-term memory: The retrieval of spatial versus verbal information

Author(s): Rosler, F., Hennighausen, E.

Journal/Book: Mem Cognition. 1996; 24: 1710 Fortview Rd, Austin, TX 78704. Psychonomic Soc Inc. 777-795.

Abstract: Two experiments are reported to study slow potentials in the EEG during reactivation of spatial and verbal information. Subjects had to learn associations between drawings and one, two, or three mediators (locations in Experiment 1, nouns in Experiment 2). During recall, subjects had to decide whether or not two drawings were linked to each other by a common mediator. EEG was recorded during learning and recall. Both experiments were completely equivalent. Irrespective of the quality of the mediators, response time proved to be a linear function of the numbers of mediators to be recalled. Negative slow potentials that accompanied the reactivation of information during anticipation learning and cued recall had a material-specific topography: The maximum was found over the parietal cortex for spatial information and over the left frontal cortex for verbal information. Moreover, the amplitude at these scalp locations varied with the amount of the to-be-retrieved information. The results support the claim of topographically distinct cell assemblies specialized for storage and retrieval of distinct kinds of information.

Note: Article M Heil, Univ Marburg, Dept Psychol, Gutenbergstr 18, D-35032 Marburg, Germany

Keyword(s): BRAIN POTENTIALS; MENTAL-IMAGERY; SYSTEMS; HIPPOCAMPUS; PICTORIAL; LESIONS; CORTEX; OBJECT; VISION; SHIFTS


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