Lexical-semantic event-related potential effects in patients with left hemisphere lesions and aphasia, and patients with right hemisphere lesions without aphasia
Journal/Book: Brain. 1996; 119: Walton St, Journals Dept, Oxford, England OX2 6DP. Oxford Univ Press United Kingdom. 627-649.
Abstract: Lexical-semantic processing impairments in aphasic patients with left hemisphere lesions and non-aphasic patients with right hemisphere lesions were investigated by recording event-related brain potentials (ERPs) while subjects listened to auditorily presented word pairs. The word pairs consisted of unrelated words, or words that were related in meaning. The related words were either associatively related, e.g. 'bread-butter', or were members of the same semantic category without being associatively related e.g. 'church-villa'. The latter relationships are assumed to be move distant than the former ones. The most relevant ERP component in this study is the N400. In elderly control subjects, the N400 amplitude to associatively and semantically related word targets is reduced relative to the N400 elicited by unrelated targets. Compared with this normal N400 effect, the different patient groups showed the following pattern of results. aphasic patients with only minor comprehension deficits (high comprehenders) showed N400 effects of a similar size as the control subjects. In aphasic patients with more severe comprehension deficits (low comprehenders) a clear reduction in the N400 effects was obtained, both for the associative and the semantic word pairs. The patients with right hemisphere lesions showed a normal N400 effect for the associatively related targets, but a trend rewards a reduced N400 effect for the semantically related word pairs. A dissociation between the N400 results in the word pair paradigm and P300 results in a classical tone oddball task indicated that the N400 effects were not an aspecific consequence of brain lesion, but were related to the nature of the language comprehension impairment. The conclusions drawn from the ERP results are that comprehension deficits in the aphasic patients are due to an impairment in integrating individual word meanings into an overall meaning representation. Right hemisphere patients are more specifically impaired in the processing of semantically move distant relationships, suggesting the involvement of the right hemisphere in semantically coarse coding.
Note: Article CM Brown, Max Planck Inst Psycholinguist, Wundtlaan 1, NL-6525 Xd Nijmegen, Netherlands
Keyword(s): aphasia; lexical-semantic processing; right hemisphere semantics; event-related brain potentials; N400; PRIME-GENERATED EXPECTANCIES; STIMULUS-ONSET ASYNCHRONY; BRAIN POTENTIALS; CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES; WORD RECOGNITION; DECISION TASK; NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH; SPREADING ACTIVATION; ACCESS; FACILITATION