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May 2022

Selective processing of food, weight, and body-shape words in nonpatient women with bulimia nervosa: Interference on the stroop task

Author(s): Burns, G. L.

Journal/Book: J Psychopathol Behav Assess. 1996; 18: 233 Spring St, New York, NY 10013. Plenum Publ Corp. 105-118.

Abstract: The study investigated whether the Stroop interference effect could be found in nonpatients with a self-report consistent with a diagnosis of bulimia nervosa. The nonpatient bulimic group showed significantly more interference to disorder-specific words (food, weight, and body shape) than to control words. The two nonpatient comparison groups, a depressed-nonbulimic group and a nonbulimic-nondepressed group, showed no interference These results indicate that nonpatients with bulimia nervosa can be used to test various models of the cognitive and emotional processes involved in bulimia nervosa with the modified Stroop task Methodological issues in the use of the computerized Stroop task with clinical populations are also noted.

Note: Article GM Formea, Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Rehabil Med, Box 356490, Seattle, WA 98195 USA

Keyword(s): bulimia nervosa; eating disorders; information processing; modified Stroop task; THREAT-RELATED INFORMATION; EMOTIONAL INFORMATION; EATING DISORDERS; PANIC DISORDER; ATTENTIONAL BIAS; DEPRESSION; ANXIETY

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