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January 2022

Rural adolescent views of risk and protective factors associated with suicide

Author(s): Smith, M., Hill, G., Albers, E., Neufeld, J.

Journal/Book: Crisis Interv Time-Ltd Treat. 1996; 3: C/O Stbs Ltd, PO Box 90, Reading, Berks, England RG1 8JL. Harwood Acad Publ GmbH. 1-12.

Abstract: The present study directly queries adolescents regarding risk and protective factors associated with suicide, as well as sources of help for adolescents during crisis. The self-report survey data were collected from 1,196 rural Nevada students during the spring of 1995. More than a quarter of the students (27.4%) were classified as Medium Suicide Risk, and 12.2% were classified as High Suicide Risk. Risk groups differed significantly by gender (with females more likely to be classified as Medium and High Risk), ethnicity (higher numbers of Hispanic and Native American students classified as High Risk), school involvement (High Risk students more likely to report lower levels of school involvement), and knowing someone who had committed suicide (more students knew someone who had committed suicide as suicide risk increased by group). Abuse and family conflict were overall highly rated suicide risk factors; close friends and a supportive family were highly rated protective factors, as well as highly rated sources of help. Implications for prevention programming and future research are discussed.

Note: Article W Evans, Univ Nevada, Nevada Cooperat Extens, Reno, NV 89557 USA

Keyword(s): rural adolescents; suicide risk; protective factors; IDEATION; DEPRESSION; BEHAVIOR; ATTEMPTERS; STUDENTS; CHILDREN

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