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January 2022

Middle latency auditory evoked potentials during repeated transitions from consciousness to unconsciousness

Author(s): Mantzaridis, H., Kenny, G. N. C., Fisher, A. C.

Journal/Book: Anaesthesia. 1996; 51: 24-28 Oval Rd, London, England NW1 7DX. W B Saunders Co Ltd. 107-113.

Abstract: We have investigated the relationship between changes in the middle latency auditory evoked potentials during alternating periods of consciousness and uneonsciousness produced by propofol infusion combined with spinal anaesthesia for total knee replacement. Eleven patients completed the study, of whom two had recollection of events after the onset of the anaesthetic. There were no significant differences in heart rate or systolic arterial pressure between any conscious and unconscious period. With the first change from consciousness to unconsciousness, latencies of Na, Pa and Nb increased from mean (SD) starting values of 20.0 (1.4), 31.7 (1.0) and 42.8 (1.6) ms to 22.5 (2.0), 39.3 (2.1) and 57.8 (4.4) ms, respectively. During successive transitions front unconsciousness to consciousness, awake latencies were slightly higher than those of baseline awake, whereeas anaesthetised latencies were similar to the ones obtained during the first period of unconsciousness. The consistent changes demonstrated, suggest that the auditory evoked potentials could represent a reliable indicator of potential awareness during anaesthesia.

Note: Article GNC Kenny, Univ Glasgow, Dept Anaesthesia, Beardmore St, Clydebank G81 4HX, Scotland

Keyword(s): measurement techniques, auditory evoked potentials; anaesthetics, intravenous, propofol; LOWER ESOPHAGEAL CONTRACTILITY; PROPOFOL ANESTHESIA; INFUSION SYSTEM; ISOFLURANE; AWARENESS; RESPONSES; ALFENTANIL; ENFLURANE; INDICATOR; MONITOR


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