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June 2022

Sensorineural hearing loss in survivors of neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Author(s): Haluschak, M. M., Finer, N. N., Robertson, C. M. T.

Journal/Book: Early Hum Dev. 1996; 44: Customer Relations Manager, Bay 15, Shannon Industrial, Estate Co, Clare, Ireland. Elsevier Sci Publ Ireland Ltd. 225-233.

Abstract: From February 1989 to January 1994, nine of 63 (14.3%) survivors of neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation developed bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. Seven of nine children were tested and passed initial or repeat clinical auditory brainstem response evaluation completed before discharge from neonatal intensive care. Hearing loss was suspected and confirmed between 6-36 and 10-48 months of age, respectively. We recommend regular audiologic follow-up for these high-risk infants until bilateral thresholds for hearing can be obtained.

Note: Article CMT Robertson, Glenrose Rehabil Hosp, Neonatal Followup Clin, Edmonton, Ab, Canada

Keyword(s): hearing loss; ECMO; hypoxia; late-onset; PERSISTENT PULMONARY-HYPERTENSION; BRAIN-STEM RESPONSES; NEWBORN; HYPOXIA; MICROCIRCULATION; INFANTS; COCHLEA


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