Nahrung. 1995 ; 39(5-6): 452-7.
Plasma fatty acid profile and prooxidative-antioxidative parameters in vegetarians.
Research Institute of Nutrition, Bratislava, Slovak Republic.
Fatty acid profile in plasma was examined in 12 adult vegetarians (lacto and lacto-ovo) aged 41-63 years with an average period of vegetarian nutrition of 9.8 years. Difference in the content of saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids in vegetarians was insignificant (compared to non-vegetarians). Positive factor of vegetarian nutritional habit with respect to atherosclerosis included significantly elevated content of linoleic acid (C 18:2) and linolenic acid (C 18:3), as well as unchanged or only slightly reduced content of polyunsaturated fatty acids--arachidonic acid (C 20:4) and docosahexaenoic acid (C 22:6, n = 3). Favourable values of prooxidative-antioxidative parameters (significantly reduced content of conjugated dienes of fatty acids in plasma, significantly higher plasma levels of vitamin C, beta-carotene, vitamin E/cholesterol--indicator of LDL protection and vitamin E/triacylglycerols--indicator of fatty acid protection) demonstrated a reduced risk of lipoperoxidation in vegetarians.