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September 2019

Eur J Oral Sci. 1995 Apr; 103(2 ( Pt 1)): 95-8.

Comparison of some salivary variables between vegetarians and omnivores.

Johansson G, Ravald N.

Department of Medical Nutrition, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.

The aim of the study was to compare salivary variables in a group of vegetarians with a group of omnivores. Twenty-nine vegetarians, 19 women and 10 men, mean age 35 yr, and 28 omnivores, 20 women and 8 men, mean age 35 yr, were compared in terms of salivary secretion rate, pH, buffer capacity, mutans streptococci and lactobacilli. The vegetarians had a significantly higher secretion rate, but there were no other significant differences regarding the salivary variables. The difference in secretion rate may have been caused by some lifestyle factor(s) differing between vegetarians and omnivores which probably mainly include nutrient(s), texture and roughness of the food.

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