Yao Xue Xue Bao. 1993 ; 28(2): 110-5.
[Studies on diterpenoids from leaves of Tripterygium wilfordii]
Institute of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Nanjing.
Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f. has been used as a medicinal herb in traditional Chinese medicine and as an insecticide by the Chinese for hundreds of years. Recently, this plant has been used to treat cancer, rheumatic arthritis and various skin diseases in some Chinese clinics. It is of interest to note that Tripterygium also showed significant antifertility activities. The active principles of the anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressive and antifertile actions in Tripterygium are diterpenoid containing triepoxides, but information on its chemistry is limited to the woody part of the root and the root bark. Recently, we have studies the leaves of Tripterygium (collected at Zhejiang province, China), and isolated two novel diterpenoids by chromatography named tripdioltonide (8) and 13,14-epoxide 9,11,12-trihydroxytriptolide (9), besides triptonide (1), triptolide (2), tripdiolide (3), triptolidenol (4), 16-hydroxyl-triptolide (5), tripchlorolide (6) and triptriolide (7). Their structures were established by chemical reactions, TLC, UV, MS, IR, 1H-1H COSY, 1H-13C COSY, DEPT spectrometric investigation. The structure of tripdioltonide was further confirmed by X-ray analysis.