Gastroenterol Clin Biol. 1993 ; 17(12): 959-62.
[Chronic active hepatitis and cirrhosis induced by wild germander. 3 cases]
Service de GastroentÃ©rologie, HÃ´pital Farhat, Hached, Sousse, Tunisie.
We report 3 cases of chronic liver injury that were observed after prolonged treatment with wild germander, a herbal medicine recently prohibited by French Ministry of Health, following several reports suggesting its hepatotoxicity. Chronic active hepatitis was found in 2 cases, and active cirrhosis in 1 case. The onset of hepatitis occurred after 6 to 7 months of treatment. Serum anti-nuclear and anti-smooth muscle antibodies were present in 2 patients. In 2 cases, wild-germander involvement was recognized several months after appearance of liver injury. Following treatment discontinuation, outcome was favorable in the 3 patients. These observations suggest that diagnosis of acute or chronic liver injury of unknown origin should always include the search for herbal medicine treatment.