Schweiz Rundsch Med Prax. 1992 Sep; 81(37): 1087-91.
[Manual medicine of the spine--indication, diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities]
Abteilung für Physikalische Medizin und Rheumatologie, Orthopädische Universitätsklinik Balgrist, Zürich.
Manual medicine developed rapidly during the last 40 years and became an integral part of standard medicine. The basic idea behind the methods used is that several acute and chronic disorders the spine and peripheral articulations are caused by functional disturbances in one or more spinal motion segments, and also in peripheral joints, always accompanied by reflectory muscular reactions. These changes must be detected and treated specifically. The diagnosis for manual therapy is always complementary to general medical examination. Knowledge of absolute and relative contraindications is the basis for every manual therapy. Therapeutically, apart from the actual mobilization with or without impulse, the so-called neuromuscular techniques are used; these are acting together with the muscle force of the patient and with the thereby triggered reflex-mechanisms. Whereas the latter techniques are also used in physiotherapy, mobilization with impulse should be practised nowadays only by trained physicians and chiropractitioners, since the risks involved are considerable. It is of great importance that the therapy is not limited just to the manipulation of the functionally disturbed motion segment but that in addition muscular disbalance is treated.