Discrepancy between estimated energy intake and requirement in female dancers
Journal/Book: Clin Physiol. 1990; 10: 11-25.
Abstract: Dietary intake of energy, protein, fat and carbohydrates in female dance students compared to female music students was estimated by a dietary history method. Energy requirement was estimated from body weight and physical activity both by a standard formula and from the measured work intensity during dance training. Meal patterns showed significant differences in four types of meals on week-days and in one type on weekends. The intake of protein, fat and carbohydrates in absolute amounts and the percentage of energy derived from protein were not significantly different between the two groups. The fraction of energy derived from carbohydrates was higher and that from fat was lower in the dancers than in the musicians. Energy intake was of similar magnitude for the dancers and the musicians (8.3 +/- 1.9 MJ vs. 8.3 +/- 1.7 MJ), while the estimated energy requirement was greater for the dancers (10.3 +/- 0.7 MJ vs. 8.9 +/- 0.4 MJ). The reason for the apparent discrepancy between energy intake and energy requirement of approximately 2 MJ in the dancers is not obvious. The energy intake may have been underestimated. Alternatively, the energy requirement may have been overestimated. The resting metabolic rate may have been depressed by years of low energy intake. In addition, as suggested by some authors, training as such may lower the resting metabolic rate as well as the diet-induced thermogenesis.
Keyword(s): Adult ; Music ; Nutritional Requirements Dancing ; Dietary Carbohydrates metabolism; Dietary Fats metabolism; Dietary Proteins metabolism; Energy Metabolism physiology; Food Habits physiology Comparative Study; Female; Human; Support, Non U.S. Gov't Dietary Fats; Dietary Proteins