J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1988 Aug; 11(4): 273-80.
Biomechanical analysis by chiropractic radiography: Part I. A simple method for determining X-ray projectional distortion.
Biology Department, St. Louis Community College, Meramec, Missouri.
Projectional distortion is known to produce artifactual disrelationships between the images of osseous segments on X-ray film. Apparatus and methods were developed to measure the effect of projectional distortion on a human third lumbar vertebra. The procedures for mathematical analysis of such distortion are outlined, and the results of studies to determine the accuracy of the procedure are presented.