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August 2021

J Behav Med. 1987 Dec; 10(6): 555-8.

Nicotine dependence and secondary effects of smoking cessation.

Clavel F, Benhamou S, Flamant R.

Unité de Recherches en Epidémiologie des Cancers, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U287, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France.

The secondary effects of smoking cessation among subjects included in a randomized trial, performed to test the efficacy of acupuncture and nicotine chewing gum vs. the control group, are reported according to nicotine dependence. After 1 month of cessation, ex-smokers had modified their nutritional intake, had gained weight, and felt more irritable compared to subjects still smoking. After 1 year, secondary effects concerned greater weight gain and irritability. The percentage of subjects who presented these secondary effects was more frequent among high-dependent than among low-dependent ex-smokers.


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