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November 2021

Levels of therapy: The classification of music therapy goals

Author(s): music-therapy-levels.

Journal/Book: Music Therapy: The Journal of the American Association for Music Therapy.. 1987; 6: Philadelphia, PA. American Association for Music Therapy P.O. Box 27177 19118 Philadelphia, PA USA. 39-49.

Abstract: This study provides empirical support for the suggestion that music therapy procedures can be categorized into three levels: music therapy as activity therapy, insight music therapy with reeducative goals, and insight music therapy with reconstructive goals. Two hypotheses were tested: (a) that goals for each of the three levels would be consistently used in conjunction with other goals from that level, and (b) that client diagnosis could be used to predict the level of therapy. Goals were designated for each level of therapy and respondents were asked to rate the importance of each in their work, as well as to answer other questions about themselves and their clients. Surveys were received from 148 music therapists who were working with adult psychiatric clients. Both hypotheses were supported by this study. The importance of the results for the clinical practice of music therapy and educating music therapy students is discussed, and suggestions for further research are made. ABSTRACT 2: Provides empirical support for the suggestion that music therapy procedures can be categorized into 3 levels: music therapy as activity therapy, insight music therapy with reeducative goals, and insight music therapy with reconstructive goals. Two hypotheses were tested: (1) that goals for each of the 3 levels would be consistently used in conjunction with other goals from that level, and (2) that client diagnosis could be used to predict the level of therapy. Goals were designated for each level of therapy and respondents were asked to rate the importance of each in their work, and to answer other questions about themselves and their clients. Survey responses received from 148 music therapists who were working with adult psychiatric clients supported both hypotheses.

Keyword(s): music-therapy-goals, activity-therapy, adult, psychiatric-patient.


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