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October 2021

The Rehabilitative Use of Music Therapy with Geriatric Residents

Abstract: Music therapy procedures were implemented to increase reality orientation, decrease wandering, and increase sensory stimulation for geriatric clients in a residential setting. Results from multiple baseline, reversal, and changing criterion designs documented the effectiveness of the procedures. Reality orientation improved following musically structured activities. Wandering decreased in the treatment phases which incorporated music during therapist-assisted walks. Eye contact and participation in group activities increased immediately when contingent verbal, tactile, and facial reinforcements were implements by the music leader, but decreased during the noncontingent phases.

Keyword(s): music-therapy, geriatric, residents, reality-orientation, sensory-training, rehabilitation, rehabilitation-programs.

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