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October 2021

[Music improvisation with schizophrenic patients--a controlled study in the assessment of therapeutic effects]

Author(s): Wunderlich, S., Bender, W., Elz, U., Horn, B.

Journal/Book: Rehabilitation (Stuttg). 1987; 26: 184-92.

Abstract: The effects of a course of music therapy with free improvisation, consisting of 27 sessions over a period of 6 months, were examined in a controlled study of matched therapy and waiting group, each comprising 7 patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective psychosis. The psychopathologic picture having essentially remained unaltered on the measuring instrument used (Lorr scales), significant positive changes were found in the self-assessment questionnaires completed by the participants. Improvements in recreational and social behaviours could not be shown. The disease and reintegration processes took similarly positive courses in both groups, supported by the extensive range of psychiatric/psychotherapeutic services available in the Munich area. The improvising orientation of the music therapy course had mostly been approved of by the patients, it however also gave rise to a desire for more structuring and a more goal-directed therapeutic approach. A tendency towards the initial values, i.e. a deterioration, was stated in the therapy group at follow-up six months post-therapy.

Keyword(s): Adult. English Abstract. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Human. Male. Music Therapy. Psychiatric Status Rating Scales. Psychotherapy, Group. Schizophrenia/therapy. Schizophrenic Psychology

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