Development and implementation of the psychiatric music therapy inventory
Abstract: Though music therapy has been used to treat psychiatric disorders for over 40 years, no standardized psychiatric music therapy assessment tools exist. Without reliable assessment tools, the accuracy of the music therapist's diagnostic procedures cannot be assured, and professional credibility is jeopardized. This study tested the reliability of the Psychiatric Music THerapy Inventory (PMTI) as well as the ability of this tool to discriminate significantly between diagnostic groups. Forty adult psychiatric in-patients comprised of 20 schizophrenics and 20 affective disorders served as subjects, completing the PMTI during the first week of admission and prior to treatment. Results indicated that each of the three subtests of the PMTI discriminated significantly between the two diagnosic groups. The data also indicated that internal consistency of the three subtests was established for affective disorders but not for schizophrenics.
Keyword(s): assessment, psychiatric, music-therapy, hospitalized, adults, psychiatric-patient.