The effects of instrumental and vocal lullabies on the crying behavior of newborn infants
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of vocal and instrumental lullabies on the crying behavior of newborn infants. Subjects included 36 newborn infants, 7 to 96-hours old, at a hospital nursery. The procedure included tape-recording 12 individual infants during no music, 12 individual infants during instrumental lullaby music, and 12 individual infants during vocal lullaby music. Each was tape-recorded for 30 minutes, and crying time was later documented. A completely randomized analysis of variance was conducted, yielding statistically nonsignificant differences (p < .05).
Keyword(s): vocal, vocal-music, lullaby, instrumental, cry, newborn, newborns, infant.