Music under the Swastika
Journal/Book: Musiktherapeutische Umschau. 1987; 8: Stuttgart. G. Fischer Verlag. 22-35.
Abstract: The author traces musical socialisation in Faschist Germany between 1933 and 1945. He makes use of songs made compulsory for boys and girls (in the hitler youth organisations) to indicate the musical and political influence exerted by those in power at the time. The author also describes modifications in education policy taking place from 1933. A further section deals with recurring signs and symbols found in the National Socialist songbooks, such as the "flag, fire, circle, earth, loyalty and death".
Keyword(s): Socialisation, Hitler, youth-organisations, National-Socialism, songbooks, politics.