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October 2021

The effects of background music in a simulated initial counselling session with female subjects

Author(s): Sawatzky, D. Donald

Journal/Book: Canadian Journal of Counselling. 1987; 21: 125-132.

Abstract: Examined the effects of a background of soft instrumental music on depth of client self-exploration in counseling dyads of 12 female undergraduates and 4 female graduate counseling students. There were 3 levels of music: lively, slow, and no music. Audiotapes of the sessions were analyzed using a client self-exploration scale. Analyses revealed significantly greater depth of client self-exploration for both music conditions over the no-music condition and for the slow-music over the lively-music condition. (French abstract)

Note: slow vs lively background music; depth of self exploration during initial counseling session; female college students

Keyword(s): Music ; psychotherapeutic processes; counseling ; psychotherapeutic techniques; adulthood

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