The effects of background music in a simulated initial counselling session with female subjects
Journal/Book: Canadian Journal of Counselling. 1987; 21: 125-132.
Abstract: Examined the effects of a background of soft instrumental music on depth of client self-exploration in counseling dyads of 12 female undergraduates and 4 female graduate counseling students. There were 3 levels of music: lively, slow, and no music. Audiotapes of the sessions were analyzed using a client self-exploration scale. Analyses revealed significantly greater depth of client self-exploration for both music conditions over the no-music condition and for the slow-music over the lively-music condition. (French abstract)
Note: slow vs lively background music; depth of self exploration during initial counseling session; female college students
Keyword(s): Music ; psychotherapeutic processes; counseling ; psychotherapeutic techniques; adulthood