Progressive muscle relaxation as antiemetic therapy for cancer patients
Journal/Book: Oncology Nursing Forum. 1987; 14: 33-7.
Abstract: Is progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) an effective antiemetic therapy for patients receiving highly emetogenic cancer chemotherapy? To study this question, 60 patients beginning multiple course, inpatient chemotherapy infusions were randomized into: an experimental group (trained in PMR), a placebo control group (listened to relaxing music), or a true control group (no study intervention). Patients were studied serially for one baseline and three or four follow-up chemotherapy courses. The results show that PMR was most effective in decreasing frequency and duration of vomiting, general anxiety, and physiological arousal, and in improving caloric intake in patients 48 hours following drug infusion. Evidence suggests that PMR may be effective in reducing side effects of nausea, vomiting, anorexia and emotional distress that frequently accompany chemotherapy. (22 ref)
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Keyword(s): Adolescence. Adult. Aged. Antineoplastic Agents/ae [Adverse Effects]. Anxiety/th [Therapy]. Chemotherapy, Cancer/ae [Adverse Effects]. Eating Disorders/th [Therapy]. Female. Inpatients. Male. Middle Age. Muscle Contraction. Nausea/th [Therapy]. Relaxation Techniques. Vomiting/th [Therapy]