The effect of music therapy sessions on perceived state of affect among residents of a retirement center
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of music therapy sessions on perceived state of affect among residents of a retirement center. Twenty subjects were randomly assigned to either an experimental group or a control group. The Affect Balance Scale was individually administered as a pretest prior to the first music therapy session. Subjects from the experimental group attended from one to seven weekly sessions. One experimental subject withdrew from the project. The remaining nine experimental subjects and ten control subjects completed the Affect Balance Scale as a posttest after seven sessions had been completed. Four experimental subjects were eliminated from the statistical analysis due to their poor attendance in sessions. No significant difference was found between the changes from the pretest scores to the posttest scores of the experimental and control groups. In addition, no significant difference was found between the two scores of pretest and posttest in the experimental group.
Keyword(s): music-therapy-sessions, affect, retirement.