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October 2021

Recency and suffix effects in serial recall of musical stimuli

Author(s): Samuel, A. G.

Journal/Book: J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 1986; 12: 517-24.

Abstract: Auditory presentation of verbal items leads to larger recency effects in recall than visual presentation. This enhanced recency can be eliminated if a stimulus suffix (an irrelevant sound) follows the last item. Four experiments tested the hypothesis that recency and suffix effects in serial recall result from a speech-specific process. It was demonstrated that serial recall of musical notes played on a piano exhibited substantial recency effects. These recency effects were reduced when the list items were followed by either a piano chord or the word start. However, a white-noise suffix had no effect on recency. This pattern of data is consistent with current work on auditory perception and places constraints on theories of recency and suffix effects.

Keyword(s): Auditory Perception|. Memory|. Music|. Recall|

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